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HOUSE OF SFORZA
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KINGDOM OF NAPLES
KING ALFONSO II OF NAPLES - MONA LISA'S FATHER
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MONA LISA'S 1ST HUSBAND - GIAN GALEAZZO STORZA
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BRIENNE CLAIM TO THE KINGDOM OF JERUSALEM
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MONA LISA PAINTED BY LEONARDO DA VINCI
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LEONARDO DA VINCI 2ND HUSBAND TO MONA LISA
CHILDREN WITH LEONARDO DA VINCI & MONA LISA

House of Sforza

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Map of Italy in 1494. Insert shows the Duchy of Milan ruled by the Visconti family and inherited by the Sforzas.
Map of Italy in 1494. Insert shows the Duchy of Milan ruled by the Visconti family and inherited by the Sforzas.

Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan.

The dynasty was founded by Muzio Attendolo, called Sforza (from sforzare, to exert or force, 1369-1424) a condottiero from Romagna serving the Angevin kings of Naples. He was the most successful dynast of the condottieri.

His son Francesco I Sforza ruled Milan for the first half of the Renaissance era, acquiring the title of Duke of Milan from the extinct Visconti family in 1447. While there were many good rulers in the family, there were also a number of despots, many of which were mentally unstable.

The family also held the seigniory of Pesaro, starting from Muzio Attendolo's second son, Alessandro (1409-1473). The Sforza held Pesaro until 1519, with the death of Galeazzo. Muzio's third son, Bosio (1411-1476), founded the branch of Santa Fiora, who held the title of count of Cotignola; the Sforza ruled the small county of Santa Fiora in southern Tuscany until 1624. Members of this family also held important ecclesiastical and political position in the Papal States, and moved to Rome in 1674.

The Sforza would later join with the Borgia Family, through the arranged marriage of Lucrezia Borgia to Giovanni (the illegitimate son of Costanzo I of Pesaro[1]).

Ludovico Sforza (also known as Ludovico il Moro, famous also for taking Leonardo da Vinci at his service) was defeated in 1500 by the French army of Louis XII of France - see also Italian Wars.

After the French were driven out by Imperial Swiss troops Maximilian Sforza, son of Ludovico, became Duke of Milan, until the French returned under Francis I of France and imprisoned him.

Sforza rulers of Duchy of Milan
Coat of arms of the House of Sforza

Sforza rulers of Pesaro and Gradara

Sforza family tree

Giacomo (Muzio) Attendolo, nicknamed Sforza
                           |
                           +-Francesco I (1401-1466), married Bianca Maria Visconti, daughter of Filippo Maria, 1450-66
                           | |
                           | +-Galeazzo Maria (14431476), 1466-76
                           | | |
                           | | +-Caterina Sforza (1463-1509) (Model for Mona Lisa?)
                           | | |
                           | | +-Bianca Maria (14721510), second wife of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I
                           | | |
                           | | +-Gian Galeazzo(1469-1494), married Isabella of Naples, 1476-94
                           | |   |
                           | |   +-Francesco (II), nominally duke under the regency of Ludovico Maria
                           | |   |
                           | |   +-Bona (1494-1557), second wife of king Sigismund I of Poland
                           | |
                           | +-Ascanio (1444-1505), Cardinal 
                           | |
                           | +-Ippolita Maria (1446-1484), married king of Alfonso II d'Aragon of Naples
                           | |
                           | +-Ludovico il Moro (the Moor) (14511508) 1494-1500
                           |   |
                           |   +-Ercole Massimiliano (1493-1530), 151215
                           |   |
                           |   +-Francesco II (III) Maria (), 152135
                           |   |
                           |   +-Giovanni Paolo I (1497-1535), marquess of Caravaggio
                           |
                           +-Alessandro, first lord of Pesaro
                           | |
                           | +-Costanzo I
                           |   |
                           |   + Galeazzo, last Sforza ruler of Pesaro
                           |   |
                           |   +-Giovanni (1466-1510), first husband of Lucrezia Borgia
                           |     |
                           |     +-Costanzo II (Giovanni Maria)
                           |
                           +-Bosio (count of Cotignola, lord of Castell'Arquato)
                           

Other members

House of Sforza in popular culture

  • Thomas Harris' character Hannibal Lecter is a descendant of the House of Sforza.
  • Dennis "The Carpenter" Maxwell (aka Maxwell Carpenter), a character from White Wolf Game Studio's original World of Darkness setting, was a man who had risen from his own grave to take revenge on a Mafia family named 'Sforza.'

See also

SEE LINK

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - CAROLINE E. KENNEDY

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 WISDOM III - CAROLINE E. KENNEDY - CAROLINA KENNEDIA
 

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - CAROLINE E. KENNEDY

 
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - PICS - CAROLINE E. KENNEDY - CAROLINA KENNEDIA 

 

SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - PRESENTATION 1

 
SOPHIA OF WISDOM III - PICS - DISCOURSE

SEE LINK FOR DISCOURSEI FOUND THIS INFORMATION IN MY HISTORY FILE AND I DIDN'T LOOK IT UP SOMEONE ELSE WAS IN MY OFFICE ON MY COMPUTER AND DID IT OR THEY SWAPPED AND RAIDED MY COMPUTER DRIVE...I GUESS ONE OF THEM THOUGHT THEY COULD COVER MORE SUBJECTS THAN ME...JOHN HOPKINS http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/discourse/

THE SOPHIA OF ALL THE SOPHIA'S OF WISDOMS

 
JUDGEMENTS & NOTES -
 MONA LISA

JUDGEMENTS & NOTES - MONA LISA